What is dementia? According to the standards of the World Health Organization, many developed countries have officially entered the “senior society”, that is, the elderly population over the age of 65 accounts for 14% of the total population.
The phenomenon of population ageing has led to an increase in diseases related to the elderly, and dementia is one of them. Patients have drastic changes in mood and behaviour, and will feel uncomfortable. Those responsible for care, whether it is a hospital nursing staff or relatives and friends of patients, will also work hard, and must carefully and patiently take care of patients’ daily life.
Caring for a person with dementia is not easy, but as long as there is a considerable understanding of dementia and appropriate ways to help the patient, there will be a better relationship between the caregiver and the patient.
Eight major behavioural changes in people with dementia
1. Refusal to help
Some people with dementia are reluctant to accept help from others, or only allow specific people to help them. This may be because they do not trust others, or because of cognitive confusion. At this time, you can show kindness and tell the person with dementia that someone they trust will return soon; until then, you can help solve the problem. Or people with dementia are more out of control and want to do something by themselves. You can try to give them other instructions, and you can do other tasks simultaneously and complete some tasks together.
2. Love to hide things
People with dementia will hide some things as collections, which is actually harmless and does not need to be specifically corrected, unless their behaviour is excessive or harmful. You can usually lock some wardrobes or cabinets that are not used often, if the dementia person has a new place to hide things.
3. To ask or do something repeatedly
Sometimes the demented person will ask again and again, or do something repeatedly. If these things are not dangerous and the demented person feels more comfortable, let them do it! If inappropriate behaviour occurs, then try to get the demented person to do harmless and meaningful things.
4. Sleep disorders
People with dementia may not be able to sleep, or often sleep during the day and stay awake at night. You can use natural or artificial light to remind patients when it is day and night, allowing them to sleep when it is time to sleep. Blocking out light and noise can also help people with dementia sleep. Also, give them some simple exercises during the day to help them fall asleep at night.
5. Swearing or dirty words
People with dementia may start to swear some unpleasant words, because their ability to control their impulses is reduced. At this time, you can try to divert their attention, such as changing the topic, or letting them watch their favourite TV programs to distract them. Stop swearing.
6. Wander around
Many people with dementia will walk around. It may be that they are bored, want to relieve anxiety, or thirsty, hungry, or even wander around because of confusion in their brains.
Please pay close attention to every move of the patient. Do not leave them alone, you can tie them a love bracelet for the elderly with dementia, a love tag or a tracking device. Alternatively, you can extrapolate the times when the person with dementia will wander around and plan activities for them during that time.
7. Urinary and faecal Incontinence
This can happen because people with dementia have reduced bladder and bowel control, or they don’t remember to use the toilet, where it is, how to use it, etc. Solutions include: having people with dementia live in a room close to the toilet, having them go to the toilet regularly, wearing easy-to-remove clothing or wrapping diapers.
8. Rough behaviour
Sometimes people with dementia have verbal and physical rough behaviour, such as screaming, pinching, pulling hair, biting, etc. This may be their way of expressing what they want and want to do. Don’t yell at them at this time, let yourself calm down first, try to understand their feelings, and let them express their thoughts. If people with dementia are irritable because they are not doing something well, help them divide the things to be done into simpler small tasks.
Four common mood changes in people with dementia
1. Getting angry easily
People with dementia feel fear and stress when they are in an unfamiliar environment, and they feel frustrated when they need to deal with difficult things but cannot. If others try to help them, they will be angry, afraid, frustrated, embarrassed, and these emotions can make patients feel angry. You can try breaking things down into smaller steps, letting the patient do it on their own, without rushing to help, and allowing them to speak their minds.
People with dementia will feel depressed and lonely because they feel disconnected from society. They may have symptoms of depression, including mood changes, delusions, anxiety, etc. You can seek the help of a professional doctor to make the patient as active and social as possible.
3. Anxiety and dependence
People with dementia feel uneasy when they are in a new environment or meet people they don’t know. Some dementia suffer from insomnia, restlessness, or dependence on their familiar people or environments when they are anxious. At this time, you need to let them know how much you care about them and give them a sense of security. You can also try to distract them by doing other things, and forget to worry about the previous things.
4. Mood changes
People with dementia sometimes feel depressed because of poor performance, or simply feel scared, confused, tired, or have mood changes because they feel cold, hungry, or bored. To cope with such a situation, it is necessary to understand what the dementia person likes and dislikes, what calms them down, and when they will explode emotionally. After knowing these, you will understand how to avoid making the patient have bad emotions. If it is true, when emotions explode, you will also know how to appease them.
Caregivers need to adjust their mood and less pressure
Caregivers face many emotional and behavioural changes and spend a lot of time with the person with dementia. Sometimes you may feel angry, lose your own life and time, or feel frustrated because the patient’s condition has not improved, feel you are not doing well, feel discouraged, or you may not want to continue caring and become impatient with the patient. Sometimes I feel guilty towards the patient for having these thoughts.
In fact, there is no need to feel guilty. It is normal to have some negative thoughts. After all, the caregivers are also physically and mentally exhausted to take care of the patients. You have to tell yourself that you are only one person, and you have to be busy with many things. It is impossible to do everything perfectly. You just need to do your best. You also have to have a concept: you have already done a good job. For people with dementia, if they have someone to care for them, they already have effective medicine against dementia.
Seven ways to take care of dementia without panic!
Caring for someone with dementia is not easy. It takes a lot of time and patience. Here are some tips for caring for people with dementia:
- When communicating with patients, use simple words and sentences. Speak slowly and clearly. Don’t speak loudly to the patient. If you don’t understand it once, explain it again. If you still don’t understand it, wait a while and try again.
- Focus on how the patient is feeling, and speak to them in a gentle and supportive tone. Hold their hand, hug or compliment them.
- Let the patient get enough nutrition, avoid eating refined sugar, and eat more vegetables.
- Patients can still go out and have fun, please take them outside for a walk!
- Caregivers themselves should also take good care of their health. It is best to exercise every day.
- Patients do have emotional memories, even if they forget what caused them to feel a certain emotion. The caregiver’s words and deeds will affect the patient’s emotions, so pay attention to what you say and do.
- Setting a daily routine, schedule, helps reduce confusion and frustration in the patient’s mind.
Books For Taking Care of Dementia
Understanding Behaviour in Dementia that Challenges
The innovative Newcastle Challenging Behaviour Model for dementia care has recently been updated, leading to new advances in the field. This revised second edition guide to assessment and treatment of behaviours that challenge associated with dementia includes these latest developments along with new sections on what have traditionally been considered controversial topics.
Dementia is a little understood and currently incurable illness, but much can be done to maximise the quality of life for people with the condition. Contented Dementia – by clinical psychologist and bestselling author Oliver James – outlines a groundbreaking and practical method for managing dementia that will allow both sufferer and carer to maintain the highest possible quality of life, throughout every stage of the illness.
Excellence in Dementia Care
Research Into Practice (UK Higher Education OUP Humanities & Social Sciences Health & Social Welfare). A comprehensive text on dementia care, drawn from research evidence, practice and the experience of people with dementia.
A comprehensive text on dementia care, drawn from research evidence, practice and the experience of people with dementia.
Supplement to Improve Dementia
Benefit of Vitamin E
- Beneficial for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease NAFLD
- Prevention of prostate cancer
- Beneficial for blood lipid regulation
- Decreases inflammation: C-reactive protein
- Reduce the risk of senile cataracts
- Beneficiary to myocardial infarction.
- Beneficial for dementia (especially Alzheimer’s)
- Beneficial for seasonal allergic rhinitis
1. Maintain Heart Health
2. Treat Mental Illness
3. Help Lose Weight
4. Support eye health
5. Relieve rheumatoid arthritis symptoms
6. Maintain skin health
7. Helps baby vision and hand-eye coordination
8. Reduce liver fat
9. Improve symptoms of depression
10. Improve ADHD in children
11.Improve memory in the elderly
12. Improve asthma symptoms and allergy risk
13. Improve bone health
Supplement for Brain Health
Benefit of Alpha-Lipoic Acid
- Scavenge free radicals, prevent skin aging, and improve skin damage
- Reduce and prevent wrinkles, improve skin luster and elasticity
- Improve dark circles and enlarged pores
- Lipoic acid regenerates vitamins C, E, coenzyme Q10 that have lost their antioxidant capacity, and enhances antioxidant levels
- Improve memory decline and promote brain health
- Lipoic acid helps maintain liver health
- Lipoic acid has a protective effect on the retina
- This product may help stabilize blood sugar
- Lipoic acid is extremely important for energy production
- Lipoic acid can regenerate by itself and has a long-lasting effect.
1. Promote methyl transfer
2. Promote the development and maturation of red blood cells, keep the body’s hematopoietic function in a normal state, prevent pernicious anemia; maintain the health of the nervous system
3. In the form of coenzyme, it can increase the utilization rate of folic acid and promote the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins
4. It has the function of activating amino acids and promotes the biosynthesis of nucleic acids, which can promote the synthesis of proteins, which plays an important role in the growth and development of infants and young children.
5. Metabolize fatty acids so that fats, carbohydrates, and proteins are properly used by the body
6. Eliminate irritability, concentrate, enhance memory and balance
7. It is an indispensable vitamin for the healthy functioning of the nervous system and participates in the formation of a lipoprotein in the nervous tissue
Benefits of Boron
- Anti-inflammatory effects.
- Help alleviate arthritis.
- Improve brain function.
- Has anticancer effects.
- Boronated compounds used in the treatment of several types of cancer.
- Maintain bone density.
- Accelerate the healing of fractures.
- Relieve rheumatoid arthritis symptoms.
- Adjusting your body’s natural production of testosterone and estradiol, a type of estrogen.
1. Improve immune system function.
2. Maintain the function of joint movement.
3. Balance normal blood sugar levels.
4. Rich in antioxidants to absorb harmful free radicals.
5. Helps maintain normal levels of cholesterol.
6. Maintain healthy lung function
7. Improve mental clarity
8. Reduce stress and overcome depression
9. Improve the sexual function and prevent erectile dysfunction.£18.91
Benefit of Maca
- It is good for bone health
- Improve Chronic Mountain Sickness
- Improves sperm quality and promotes fertility
- Improve female sexual dysfunction
- Beneficial athletic performance
- Improves erectile dysfunction
- Increases male sexual desire
- Boosts reproductive hormones such as testosterone
- Improves Cognitive Function
- Beneficial for Prostate Fat
Supplement to Improve Alzheimer’s Disease
Supplement for Sleep Health
Benefit of Beef Gelatin
- Collagen and gelatin contribute to the infrastructure of connective tissue throughout. Regular consumption of these proteins helps repair and care for the intestines, skin, hair, tendons, cartilage, bones and joints.
- Supports joint health, comfort and mobility.
- Supports gut health and digestion due to the role of amino acids in promoting the integrity of the gut lining
- Boost muscle mass
- Reduce hunger
- Supports bone health
- Assist with blood sugar control
- Supports cognitive functions, including memory and learning
- Helps Athletic Performance and Recovery
- Helps maintain healthy, youthful skin
- Promotes healthy hair and strong nails
- Promote quality sleep
Benefit of Now Foods Omega-3, Molecularly Distilled 30 Softgels
- Fight Depression and Anxiety.
- Improve Eye Health
- Promote Brain Health During Pregnancy and Early Life.
- Improve Risk Factors for Heart Disease.
- Reduce Symptoms of ADHD in Children.
- Reduce Symptoms of Metabolic Syndrome.
- Fight Inflammation.
- Fight Autoimmune Diseases.
- Improve Mental Disorders.
- Fight Age-Related Mental Decline and Alzheimer’s Disease.
- May Help Prevent Cancer.
- Reduce Asthma in Children.
- Reduce Fat in Your Liver.
- Improve Bone and Joint Health.
- Alleviate Menstrual Pain.
- May Improve Sleep.
- Good For Your Skin
Benefit of Vitamin D-3
1. Reduce fracture and fall risk
2. Good for migraine
3. Beneficial for NAFLD
4. Beneficial for sarcopenia
5. Beneficial for chronic urticaria
6. Benign paroxysmal postural vertigo
7. Beneficial for sleep disorders
8. Beneficial for knee osteoarthritis
9. Beneficial for pneumonia prevention
10. Beneficial for new coronavirus infection
11. Reduce the incidence of preeclampsia
12. beneficial for autism
13. Beneficial for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
14. Beneficial Cancer Events
15. good for TB
16. Beneficial Helicobacter pylori infection
17. good for gestational diabetes
18. Beneficial for blood lipid regulation
19. Boost male hormones (androgens)
20. Reduced low birth weight and small gestational age births
21. Aids in weight loss (weight loss)
22. prevent cardiovascular disease
23. good for multiple sclerosis
24. Beneficial for asthma improvement
25. Beneficial for major depression
26. Beneficial for Type 2 Diabetes
27. Reduce premature birth rates
28. Beneficial for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
29. Beneficial for older people’s athletic ability (walking speed)?
30. Improve lower back pain?
31. Beneficial for atopic dermatitis
32. good blood pressure regulation
33. Beneficial for female pattern hair loss
34. Reduce the chance of cognitive impairment
35. Reducing Cold Events: Acute Respiratory Infections
36. Improve breast cancer prognosis and mortality
37. Beneficial Fatigue Phenomenon
38. Beneficial for irritable bowel syndrome
39. Reduce the incidence of schizophrenia
40. Mortality of hospitalized patients
41. Reduces the risk of stridor and asthma in offspring£9.00