Diabetes 1 and 2

What Are the Differences in Symptoms Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes? Understand Diabetes Symptoms and Treatment

Have you read about type 1 diabetes in another article? Next we will cover the symptoms of diabetes.

The onset age of type 1 diabetes is usually much younger than that of type 2 diabetes. In terms of symptoms, the early symptoms of type 1 diabetes are usually very obvious, which is very different from the early symptoms of type 2 diabetes, which may not be obvious. The following explains the symptoms of diabetes and the symptoms and treatment of type 1 diabetes.

Diabetes symptoms

Time of onset and early symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes:

  1. Type 1 diabetes: It is caused by the pancreas being attacked by the autoimmune system, so the onset time is sudden; the symptoms are easy to detect due to high blood sugar and lack of insulin during the onset.
  2. Type 2 diabetes: In “pre-diabetes” or after diabetes, the symptoms are difficult to detect. Diabetes is often discovered through blood tests or complications.

7 common symptoms of diabetes:

  1. Thirsty
  2. Frequent urination
  3. hunger
  4. weight loss
  5. fatigue and weakness
  6. blurred vision
  7. Headache, dizziness

Type 1 diabetes symptoms:

  1. A child who has never wet the bed begins to wet the bed
  2. trembling
  3. irritability
  4. Irritability and other mood changes

Type 2 diabetes symptoms:

  1. Wounds are difficult to heal and prone to infection
  2. Feeling of pins and needles in feet
  3. Itchy skin
  4. Darkening of skin on neck and armpits

Unlike type 2 diabetes, patients with type 1 diabetes need to rely on insulin for life for treatment. However, if blood sugar is well controlled and treated, long-term health risks can be reduced.

7 Treatments for Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes requires daily injections of insulin or an insulin pump to control blood sugar, and regular follow-up visits and monitoring.

The following are key points to note in the treatment and control of type 1 diabetes:

1.Insulin injection

Subcutaneous injection of insulin is the main treatment for patients with type 1 diabetes. However, when patients with type 2 diabetes cannot secrete enough insulin themselves, or when blood sugar levels are still unsatisfactory after oral medication, insulin will also be used.

Cropped shot of a focused young woman treating her diabetes at home

Insulin injection health education: injection site, steps and insulin storage instructions

2.Self-care and stabilizing blood sugar

Use a blood glucose machine or test your blood sugar regularly to continuously monitor your blood sugar status.

To prevent and deal with hypoglycemia, please follow your doctor’s instructions when using insulin, including paying attention to food intake, exercise, and drug dosage.

When there is an extreme lack of insulin in the body, symptoms of ketoacidosis (DKA) are likely to occur. Therefore, you should not increase or decrease the dose of insulin at will, or use medication irregularly.

Have your blood tested for Glycated Hemoglobin (HbA1c or A1C) every three months.

3.Diet therapy

People with type 1 diabetes are not advised to follow the standardized diet plans available on the market.
Maintain a regular eating schedule.
A dedicated diet plan must be developed based on changes in blood sugar.


People with type 1 diabetes can improve their cardiovascular health through exercise, and regular exercise can help stabilize blood sugar.

Be sure to measure your blood sugar before and after exercise and replenish an appropriate amount of carbohydrates.

If your blood sugar levels are below 100 mg/dl (milligrams per deciliter) before you start exercising, try eating a small carbohydrate-containing meal (about 15 grams) to increase your blood sugar and reduce your chance of hypoglycemia. You need to be more careful if you have just taken insulin and exercised for more than 30 minutes.

5.Long-term monitoring for complications

Regular follow-up visits every one to three months.

6.Kidney transplant combined with pancreas transplant

For patients with type 1 diabetes who require kidney dialysis, if simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation is successful, the problems of kidney and pancreatic diseases can be solved at the same time, and the quality of life can be greatly improved.

7.Islet cell transplantation

Because the beta cells in the pancreas of patients with type 1 diabetes are destroyed by the body’s immune cells, insulin treatment can only reduce or slow down the occurrence of retinal, renal and neuropathy; by implanting islet cells into the liver, it can The patient’s blood sugar control is better, the disease condition is stabilized, and the survival time is prolonged.

Type 1 diabetes is caused by a problem with the autoimmune system, and there is currently no way to prevent Type 1 diabetes. If you are really diagnosed, you must learn to coexist with insulin. Many doctors will also advise patients to carry some sugar with them to avoid epilepsy or coma caused by low blood sugar.

Treatment and dietary differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Eating too much, drinking too much, urinating too much and losing weight are common symptoms of diabetics. How to avoid worsening of symptoms through diet is the key to controlling the disease. For patients with type 1 diabetes, they must strictly calculate carbohydrate intake and insulin. Injection; if you are a type 2 diabetic patient, you must control your carbohydrate intake, increase dietary fiber supplement, and avoid excessive intake of saturated fat.

Patients with different types of diabetes should develop a diet plan that suits them based on their personal circumstances. The most important thing is that when formulating a diet plan, patients should consult a specialist, nutritionist or case manager to ensure that the diet plan is adopted. is a safe and effective diet plan.

3 recommended ingredients for sugar-stabilizing health foods

1.Bitter Melon Peptide

Bitter melon peptide is a small molecule protein composed of a variety of amino acids. It can stimulate insulin secretion and simulate insulin. In addition to helping to regulate blood sugar and delay blood sugar absorption, it can also improve metabolism and improve body functions.

There are many bitter melon peptide products on the market, and the effective dosage and compound formula of different brands are slightly different. It is recommended to choose products that meet the following conditions to make blood sugar stabilization, circulation regulation more effective, and use with peace of mind:

  • Owns Japanese patented ConstanGI® supercritical extraction technology

Japan’s patented ConstanGI® supercritical extraction technology is a unique patented technology that can be concentrated up to 20 times to ensure the complete preservation of active peptide ingredients; higher product purity not only provides more efficient active peptides, but also effectively enhances the effect of regulating blood sugar .

  • Up to 800U of active bitter melon peptides, with a sufficient intake of 300 mg:

The formula contains up to 800U of active bitter melon peptides, and each intake of up to 300 mg ensures more stable support for blood sugar management.


Cinnamon can improve insulin sensitivity, lower blood sugar and triglycerides. It is recommended to choose patented cinnamon ingredients that have been researched and certified by multiple parties, such as the cinnamon extract of the U.S. patented Cinnulin PF®. Patented ingredients are also more edible. Peace of mind.

Cinnamon sticks and powder in a handmade wooden bowl, on a kitchen table, baking preparation, macro shot with a copy space

3.Trace elements such as chromium, zinc, magnesium, and potassium

The National Health Service pointed out that lack of trace elements such as chromium, zinc, potassium and magnesium will increase the risk of diabetes and metabolic diseases. These trace elements play an important role in regulating blood sugar, promoting insulin secretion and maintaining the normal operation of the nervous system. .

  • Chromium:
    Many clinical studies have shown that supplementing 200 to 400 micrograms of chromium per day has a more significant impact on the body. According to the recommendations of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, the total daily intake should not exceed 200 micrograms. Therefore, compared with a large amount of supplementation at one time, the nutritional value is Intake should focus on long-term and continuous daily consumption, which will be more helpful.
  • Zinc:
    According to the seventh edition of the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) set by the National Health Service, the recommended daily intake of zinc for those over 13 years of age is 15 mg for men and 12 mg for women.
  • Magnesium:
    According to the DRIs set by the National Health Service, the recommended daily intake for adults aged 19 to 50 is 380 mg for men and 320 mg for women.
  • Potassium:
    The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends a daily potassium intake of 3510 mg for adults.

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