Anemia is Not Necessarily Iron Deficiency

Many women often feel dizzy, unsteady when walking, and pale. Most people think it is iron deficiency anemia when they have these symptoms, and they need to supplement iron as soon as possible. But do you need iron supplementation for anemia? In fact, there are many causes of anemia. In addition to iron deficiency anemia and thalassemia, some people lack specific nutrients and cause anemia. Therefore, it is not necessary that if you are anemic, you must supplement with iron.  Let us work with you to find out the cause of anemia, and tell you how to properly supplement iron and stay away from anemia!


All the following can also cause anemia

As mentioned in the preface, there are many causes and types of anemia, some people are congenital diseases, and some people are simply lacking certain nutrients to cause anemia. From a nutritional point of view, anemia is not necessarily just a lack of iron. If the cause of anemia is not identified and excessive iron is supplemented, it will cause excessive absorption in the stomach and intestines, and accumulate in the liver and endocrine organs, which will lead to organ damage. Let’s take a look at some of the causes of anemia:


  1. Iron deficiency anemia
    The most common cause of anemia and women are more serious than men.
  2. Thalassemia
    It is a genetic disease.
  3. Hemolytic anemia
    Red blood cells are destroyed in the human body, and it is too late to make new red blood cells. It is a genetic disease.


  • Malnutrition anemia

Symptoms of anemia caused by lack of folic acid and vitamin B12 malnutrition.


These anemias can be further divided into the following categories according to the mean corpuscular volume (MCV):


  1. Microcytosis anemia

MCV less than 80, iron deficiency anemia, thalassemia belongs to this category


  1. Normocytic anemia
    MCV80~100, hemolytic anemia and anemia caused by chronic diseases belong to this category.
  2. Macrocytic anemia
    MCV greater than 100, lack of folic acid can cause macrocytic anemia.


Anemia May Be Deficient in These Nutrients

In addition to iron deficiency that can cause anemia, the lack of the following nutrients can also cause anemia in the body:


  1. Folic acid and vitamin B12
    Folic acid, vitamin B12 and iron complement each other. Iron is an important raw material for heme, and folic acid and vitamin B12 are coenzymes for heme. If they are deficient, the synthesis of heme will decrease, causing anemia. Pregnant women need to pay special attention to the intake of folic acid. A lack of folic acid may lead to premature delivery of the fetus; vitamin B12 is mostly animal protein, and vegans need to pay special attention to the intake of vitamin B12.
  2. Vitamin C
    It can help the absorption of iron in the small intestine, and it can also allow folic acid to play a role in hematopoiesis.
  3. Vitamin E
    As an antioxidant, it can protect red blood cells from oxidation.
  4. Copper
    Iron and copper depend on each other in the body, which can accelerate the absorption of iron.


Eat more of these foods to supplement nutrients

After understanding that lack of nutrition can also cause anemia, let’s take a look at what foods to eat to have a balanced nutrition and stay away from anemia:


  1. Iron
    Liver, shellfish, lean red meat, seaweed, lettuce, and black sesame are all rich in iron.
  2. Folic acid
    Dark green foods such as spinach, cauliflower, and asparagus, as well as mushrooms, pumpkins, potatoes, whole wheat bread, and bananas also contain folic acid.
  3. Vitamin B12
    It is animal food, such as liver, saury, clams, etc. Vegetarians are more likely to be deficient.
  4. Vitamin C
    Citrus, guava, and kiwi are rich in vitamin C.
  5. Vitamin E
    Commonly found in nuts, seeds, and vegetable oils.
  6. Copper
    Trace amounts of copper can be found in brown rice, whole wheat, peanuts, pumpkin seeds, and liver.


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