Stroke ranks second to fourth among the top 10 causes of death in the world, second only to heart attack. It kills more than 6 million people every year and breaks up many families. The most frightening thing about a stroke is that it happens silently. Even if there are symptoms or precursors, it is easy for everyone to think that you are too tired, which delays the crucial treatment time.
What is stroke
Stroke refers to a disease of brain damage caused by problems with blood circulation in the brain. It can be divided into three types: cerebral ischemia, cerebral hemorrhage, and temporary cerebral ischemia:
- Ischemic stroke: Some people also call it “cerebral infarction”, which is the blockage of blood vessels in the brain. Three-quarters of the strokes in people in the country are of the type of cerebral ischemia.
- Hemorrhagic stroke: The rupture of blood vessels in the brain causes hypoxia and necrosis of brain tissue, causing symptoms of stroke.
- Temporary cerebral ischemia: Stroke symptoms caused by temporary cerebral ischemia generally recover within 24 hours. Although there will be no sequelae, there is a chance of stroke.
6 major signs of stroke, don’t ignore them
When most people experience signs of stroke, they simply think that they are too tired. In addition, the signs of stroke last only a short time, so they are easily ignored. In fact, the precursors of stroke are very important. If you ignore them, you may miss the golden time for treatment.
- Sudden numbness and weakness in hands, feet, and face
- Blurred vision, seeing double images
- Slurred speech
- Audden fainting
- Unsteady pace
- Unexplained headache
We should remember the “FAST” tips for stroke:
- F: Face crookedness (FACE), observe whether the patient’s facial expression is symmetrical.
- A: Soft hands (ARM), raise the patient’s hands flat and observe whether one of the arms is weak.
- S: Big tongue (SPEECH), ask the patient to speak and observe whether the sentences are clear and complete.
- T: Write down the time (TIME). When the above symptoms appear, clearly write down the time of onset and strive for the golden time for treatment.