Modern people often struggle with family and work, and find it difficult to eat a balanced diet and exercise regularly. When they are stressed out, they often resort to overeating to resolve stress. Not only are they prone to obesity, but they can also lead to high levels of obesity. Even if you don’t have a history of heart disease, you will still suffer from severe obesity. Increase the chance of heart disease.
What are the causes of heart disease? How to prevent heart disease? And high blood pressure is actually one of the culprits of heart attacks? This article tells you 4 rules at once to avoid heart disease together!
5 common causes of heart disease: Don’t leave things to chance with chronic diseases
There are many types of heart disease, including hypertensive heart disease, valvular heart disease, coronary heart disease, myocardial disease, cardiac inflammation, etc. In addition to family history of heart disease, the causes of the above-mentioned heart disease include high blood pressure and hyperlipidemia. High blood sugar is also one of the high risk factors for heart disease. The following are 5 common causes of heart disease:
1.High blood pressure
According to the latest 2022 Taiwan Hypertension Guidelines released by the NHS, as long as the average blood pressure reaches ≥130/80 millimeters of mercury (mmHg), meaning systolic blood pressure ≥130mmHg and diastolic blood pressure ≥80mmHg, it is considered hypertension.
High blood pressure is one of the common causes of heart disease. Long-term high blood pressure will increase the burden on the heart and arteries, accelerate atherosclerosis, and may increase the risk of heart disease by more than 2 times compared with the average person. Including coronary heart disease, hypertensive heart disease, angina, myocardial infarction, and even heart failure.
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease. High blood sugar in the patient’s body not only causes glycation of arterial wall proteins, but also easily damages the blood vessel walls. It also accelerates plaque deposition in the coronary arteries of the heart, causing arteriosclerosis and wall thickening. As a result, the lumen of blood vessels responsible for transporting blood to the heart becomes narrow, and the myocardium is unable to receive sufficient blood and nourishment, which can easily lead to coronary heart disease.
In addition, diabetic patients are more than twice as likely to suffer from coronary heart disease as the general population, and because diabetic patients are less likely to detect the pain caused by coronary heart disease, they are less likely to discover that they are suffering from the disease. In addition to long-term high blood sugar, which can lead to coronary heart disease, Retinopathy, kidney disease, and neuropathy may also be complicated.
When the concentration of cholesterol or triglycerides in the blood is higher than normal, it is hyperlipidemia. Once too much cholesterol accumulates in the walls of the coronary arteries of the heart, it causes atherosclerosis, which narrows the lumen of the blood vessels. , blood flow is reduced, and the myocardium cannot get enough oxygen and nutrients. After myocardial hypoxia, it may cause angina pectoris, myocardial infarction and other heart diseases.
As UK people’s diet gradually taking more fast food, the number of obese people increases due to excessive calorie intake. According to the body posture standards announced by the NHS, adults over 18 years old can be called obese if their BMI ≧ 27.
However, obesity is the root of all diseases and is closely related to heart disease. Most obese people are prone to problems such as hyperlipidemia, high blood pressure and high blood sugar, which in turn increases the risk and mortality of heart disease, stroke, diabetes and other diseases.
Long-term smokers are two and a half times more likely to suffer from heart disease than the average person. Chemicals such as nicotine and tobacco contained in cigarettes will accelerate arteriosclerosis, making the blood thicker and blood vessels less elastic. Cholesterol will accumulate together. And the blood vessel wall becomes blocked.
This in turn slows down blood circulation, which may eventually cause blood vessel walls to thicken, inducing coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction and other heart diseases. If the blood vessel ruptures, it may also cause a hemorrhagic stroke.
Four principles to prevent heart disease: stay away from tobacco and alcohol, eat well and move more
After understanding the five major risk factors for heart disease, you can significantly reduce and prevent heart disease from coming to your doorstep by adjusting the following four daily life principles:
- Quit smoking:
Nearly 30% of heart attacks are caused by long-term smoking. It is recommended to quit smoking as soon as possible to reduce the risk of heart disease.
- Healthy diet:
You should try to consume low-fat, high-fiber carbohydrates and eat less meat. Because it is rich in saturated fatty acids, it will increase cholesterol levels and cause three highs. In addition, eating less fried foods and desserts and eating more fruits, vegetables, beans and fish can help lower cholesterol and prevent cardiovascular diseases.
- Reduce drinking:
It is recommended that each person’s daily drinking amount should not exceed 20cc of pure alcohol, which can reduce the problems of myocardial weakness and arrhythmia, thereby reducing the chance of heart attack.
- Regular exercise:
If you have high blood pressure, obesity and other problems, it is recommended to increase high-density lipoprotein and reduce low-density lipoprotein, total cholesterol and triglycerides through regular exercise to effectively relax blood vessels, lower blood pressure and Lose weight to prevent heart disease.