Substance Abuse and Addiction

Substance Abuse and Addiction

Substance Abuse and Addiction Definition

Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a phenomenon when people use substances that are harmful to the body, such as drugs, alcohol, drugs, etc., regardless of the consequences; and substances that can affect psychological and mental conditions, such as alcohol and entertainment Illegal drugs such as sex drugs, if used excessively, can cause addiction and give rise to many negative physical, social, mental and even criminal problems.

How common are substance abuse and addiction

Substance abuse and addiction are very common, but the likelihood can be reduced by controlling risk factors. Talk to your doctor for more information.

Substance Abuse and Addiction Symptoms

Symptoms of substance abuse and addiction are listed below. However, some symptoms are not listed. If you have questions, please consult your physician.

  1. The substance used is dangerous, or the effects of the drug may put you at risk.
  2. The substances used can put people in trouble with the law.
  3. Problems in relationships.
  4. The dose tolerance (Tolerance) of this substance is getting higher and higher.
  5. Withdrawal symptoms may occur after a period of no use and continued use of the substance may result in soothing effects.
  6. Unable to control one’s own behavior.
  7. You know it’s harmful, but you continue to use it.
  8. Life revolves entirely around addictive substances.
  9. No longer engage in previously enjoyed activities, or social withdrawal.
Young caucasian woman passed out after overdosed herself.

When to see a doctor

If you have any of the above symptoms or have any questions, please seek medical advice. Everyone’s body is different, and you can find the best solution by discussing it with your doctor.

Causes of Substance Abuse and Addiction

There are many causes of substance abuse, such as cigarettes and alcohol, which are the harmful substances that most people start using from adolescence or even childhood. Research shows that children who lack family love, proper care and a sense of parental attachment in early childhood are more likely to develop substance abuse and addiction later in life. If a parent or caregiver has a substance abuse problem themselves, the child will be more likely to repeat the same problem as an adult.

In addition, a child’s social circle can also influence later substance abuse and addiction. For example, some people may choose to take drugs, drink, smoke, etc., to win the approval of their peers because they want to fit into a specific group or overcome their shy personality, but lack healthy social coping skills. Regardless of adults or children, when many people face the mental pressure caused by problems such as breakup, widowhood, and abuse, if they lack healthy coping skills, they may turn to drugs or alcohol and other substances for comfort, and slip into abuse and addiction. Misguided.

Risk factors for substance abuse and addiction

Risk factors for substance abuse and addiction include:

  1. Social relationships.
  2. Depressed character.
  3. Life problems that strike without warning.
  4. Expecting holes in your life to be filled, or major needs that cannot be met.
  5. Be around someone with substance abuse and addiction.
  6. Have psychological or mental problems.
young teenage boy gets offered cannabis joint at a house party

Diagnosis and Treatment of Substance Abuse and Addiction

The information in this article cannot be used as a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult a physician for correct diagnosis and treatment.

How to Diagnose Substance Abuse and Addiction

Physicians may refer to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) to diagnose a patient’s return to addiction.

How to Treat Substance Abuse and Addiction

Treatment will vary depending on the person and the substance they were exposed to; behavioral therapy, for example, can help patients cope with cravings and learn ways to avoid relapse. Sometimes doctors may also prescribe other medications to relieve the pain of withdrawal symptoms and cravings for substances. Many times, people who abuse substances also have some psychological problems, so they need to receive treatment and consultation at the same time to improve the problem of substance abuse.

Although most substance abusers believe they have the ability to successfully quit on their own, most people fail to do so even after trying. That’s because, according to research, long-term substance abuse changes the way the brain functions, making it easier for people to succumb to the urge to take drugs. Their desire for substances will not disappear just because they stop using it, so during the withdrawal process, the most important thing is to prevent patients from relapsing.

Substance Abuse and Addiction Life Adjustment and Home Therapy

The following life modifications and home therapies may be helpful in dealing with substance abuse and addiction:

  1. Maintain a healthy lifestyle
  2. Quit smoking and drinking
  3. Sports
  4. Maintain a healthy and balanced diet
  5. Maintain a social life and social connections
  6. Be aware of the presence of stress and its sources
  7. Frequently share thoughts with relatives, friends and other close people
Drugs in the form of powder and tablets, a spoon and a syringe on a black background mockup

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