Kidney disease

How to Refuse to be a Kidney Dialysis Patient

In addition to the function of metabolizing waste and regulating blood pressure, the kidney is also a very important organ for maintaining the balance of all aspects of the body. However, if the kidneys are not properly maintained, and many eating and living habits are harmful to the health of the kidneys. Then, kidney related disease may occur.

Some patients with kidney disease may even have lower extremity edema, high blood pressure, anemia and other symptoms, leading to deteriorating health. If you want to avoid going to the point of dialysis, you should take good care of your kidneys and get rid of bad habits.

In this article, we will introduce the 7 major groups that are prone to kidney disease, and provide 3 dietary tips and exercise methods that are necessary for kidney maintenance, helping you stay away from kidney disease and the suffering of kidney dialysis.


Seven high-risk groups for kidney disease

When the body mass index (BMI) > 27 is considered obese, obese people have a higher probability of suffering from high blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, diabetes and other diseases; if not properly treated and controlled, it may also lead to kidney disease.

2.Elderly people over 65 years old 

Human organs will age with age, so the elderly are prone to degeneration of kidney function.

3.People with high blood pressure
The normal blood pressure of adults should be <120/80mmHG. If the blood pressure is higher than this value, it means that you may suffer from high blood pressure. Once the blood pressure value is not well controlled, it may cause renal blood vessels and glomerular sclerosis.

Diabetes can be diagnosed once fasting blood sugar ≧7 mmol/L or glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c)≧6.5%, and long-term high blood sugar can easily cause vascular disease, affecting renal function and renal blood flow.

5.People with gout 
If the concentration of uric acid in the blood is too high, uric acid crystals may form and accumulate in the joints, causing gout. In addition, uric acid crystals may also be deposited in kidney tissue, and long-term accumulation will increase the risk of nephropathy.

6.Long-term drug abusers
Buying off-the-shelf drugs or pills from unknown sources may cause kidney damage and increase the risk of chronic kidney disease.

7.People with a family history of kidney disease
If the family has a history of kidney disease-related diseases such as polycystic kidney disease and hereditary nephritis, the probability of suffering from kidney disease will also increase.


How to take care of your kidneys? 3 ways to protect the kidney


1. Less salt and a balanced diet is the only way to protect the kidneys

It is not only the elderly who suffer from high blood pressure. Many young people often have excessive sodium intake due to long-term eating outside. According to the survey, the daily sodium intake of men and women aged 19-44 exceeds the recommended value. It is 1.7 and 1.3 times higher, and more than 30% of men are pre-hypertensive, but there are still many people who do not know that they have high blood pressure.

Since excessive salt intake can easily increase blood pressure, and high blood pressure is a high risk factor for kidney disease, the NHS recommends adults should not exceed 2,400 mg of sodium intake per day (i.e. 6 g of table salt). If hypertensive patients can control the daily salt intake within 6 grams, the average blood pressure can be reduced by 2~8mmHg, which is equivalent to the effect of taking one long-acting antihypertensive drug per day.

It is recommended that if the public wants to protect the kidneys, they need to adjust their daily diet and stay away from processed foods and seasonings that contain high sodium to reduce the burden on the kidneys.

In addition, you can also adopt the Mediterranean diet and the Deshu diet, and take in a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, beans, fish eggs, beans, nuts and other foods in moderation, and use olive oil and canola oil, with steamed, cold salad Healthier cooking methods, such as steaming, boiling, etc., not only help prevent the three highs, but also reduce the risk of kidney disease.


2. Kidney maintenance and 5 principles of medication

In addition to paying more attention to high blood pressure, high blood sugar and high blood lipids, patients at high risk of kidney disease should also avoid taking inappropriate drugs that could damage the kidneys. The following are the 5 medication rules that must be known to protect the kidneys:


    1. Avoid overuse of painkillers.
    2. Do not take herbal medicine sold from unknown sources,
    3. When taking medicines for chronic diseases, it is recommended to take them according to the doctor’s advice, and avoid reducing or adjusting medicines by yourself.
    4. If you need to take medicine or healthy food, you need to consult a doctor and avoid buying medicine by yourself.
    5. If you want to take Chinese medicine, you should find a Chinese medicine doctor with a qualified certificate.




3. Regular exercise: at least 30 minutes each time

Regular exercise can not only help obese people control their weight, but also has a good effect on controlling blood pressure and blood lipids. It is recommended to exercise for at least 30 minutes each time and 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise every week, including jogging, cycling, swimming, etc., to maintain Basic fitness and stature.

If you want to lose weight or improve your physical fitness, you should do more than 300 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise every week. It is recommended to add high-intensity aerobic or high-intensity intermittent exercise to improve the effect of weight loss and fat burning, and to combine it with weight training to increase muscle mass. Muscle can help improve insulin sensitivity to prevent kidney disease caused by obesity from finding you.



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