Asperger’s Disorder is a developmental disorder caused by abnormal brain function. Patients have normal intelligence but have different behavioral characteristics. Asperger’s disease was proposed by Hans Asperger in 1944 and has gradually gained more attention in the medical field in recent years. Scholars estimate that approximately 48 out of every 10,000 people have Asperger’s disease.
What are the characteristics of Asperger’s syndrome?
- Language development is normal, but the tone, tone and rhythm of speech are strange
- Speaks flatly, lacks cadence
- Social barriers become more apparent after entering elementary school
- Lack of eye contact, facial expressions and body postures when interacting with others
- Unable to detect other people’s feelings and emotional reactions, and unable to communicate emotionally with others
- When unhappy, they fail to seek comfort from others
- Don’t know how to share interests and feelings with others
- Will not actively participate in group activities
- Failure to establish friendships with peers
Behavior, interests and activity patterns
- Stubborn behavior
- Restricted, narrow, repetitive interests, and unusual obsession
- Activities that are meaningless or almost ceremonial
- Repetitive body movements such as body swaying
- Insistence or obsession with certain parts of an object, such as playing with wheels
- Have special talents or a strong memory
- In terms of self-care ability and curiosity about the environment, they are similar to children of the same age.
- Between 50% and 90% of children suffer from delayed and uncoordinated development of large and small muscles.
Both Asperger’s syndrome and autism are a type of Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD). They have weak social abilities, and they also have similar behaviors, interests, and activity patterns. characteristics, so people often confuse the two. In fact, the biggest difference between the two lies in language development. In addition, children with autism usually have more severe symptoms than children with Asperger’s syndrome. The differences between Asperger’s syndrome and autism can be seen in the table below:
Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD)
|Usually discovered after the age of three
|Usually discovered before the age of three
|70% is mentally retarded, 30% is normal intelligence.
|Speak before you learn
Talking is one-way communication, not interaction
Language development is normal
Able to speak single words at or before the age of two years
Able to speak short sentences at the age of three or before
Conversations focus on topics you like
When talking to others, they often change the topic suddenly for no reason.
|Learn to act before speaking
Speech lacks communication content
Complete lack of speech or delayed language development
Lack of ability to spontaneously or sustainably engage in conversation with other people
People with language proficiency develop stereotypes or repeatedly use certain language patterns, such as asking the same question repeatedly.
Although there are some differences in the characteristics of Asperger’s syndrome and autism, patients have significant difficulties in social interaction, communication, learning and occupation. Therefore, the training designed for them is also targeted at these aspects to help them Social integration.